As tax law is very complicated, this article is intended only for educational or illustrative purposes and should not be construed to communicate legal or professional advise.  You should contact us with any specific questions so we can properly interpret how the tax laws applies to your situation.   Killingbeck Tax Preparation, Kokomo, Indiana.  765-452-8000.

Information About Your Income Tax Refund

  1. You should increase or decrease your withholding if you wish a certain size refund or if you owe over $1000 (to avoid penalty).  See Owing section further down the page.)

  2. Taxpayer can apply part or all of a refund to the estimated tax for the next year.

  3. Accepting and cashing a refund that is too small doesn't limit ability to claim additional refund. 

  4. On refunds that are too large, do not cash check.  Call IRS.  There is no interest charged on cashing a refund that's too large. Use Form 843 to return excess.

  5. If you plan to move, you need to notify post office.  Post office will forward tax checks.

  6. Taxpayer can check on IRS or State refund by calling refund lines or checking their web site.
    1. They will need the first Social Security # on return, their filing status & the amount of refund.

  7. Refund Offsets: 
    IRS will withhold refunds for back child support, student loans, delinquent tuition repayments, amounts owed the State, food stamps and other government programs.
    1. IRS can also make a levy against social security benefits received up to 15% of social security.
    2. If a Joint return and other spouse had income, they can file injured spouse to get their share of refund. See Injured Spouse section further down this page.

  8. Watch closely if you have any major changes coming in next year that can greatly affect your refund:
    Getting married, divorced, retiring, changing jobs, spouse going to work, selling rental, receiving IRA or a lump sum distribution.   
    1. You may need to increase withholding or file estimated tax.

  9. You can check the status of refund after 24 hours after IRS acknowledges it.
    1. Call 1-800-829-1954 or go to and select "Where is My Refund?"
    2. If taxpayer files form 8379 injured spouse, allow 11 weeks if filed electronically or 14 weeks with paper return.

  10. Amount of Refund You Want Refunded to You 
    1. Taxpayer can choose to have their refund in the mail or deposited in up to 3 accounts.   Use Form 8888 for multiple direct deposits.  Use electronic filing for other direct deposits.
    2. Taxpayer can directly deposit into savings, checking, IRA account, HSA account, Education savings Account (ESA).  If you do a direct deposit you must let bank know which year the funds apply to.
      1. Account must be in taxpayers name or bank may not accept.  
    3. IRS says you can check status of refund if it has been 4 weeks since filed paper return, 3 weeks, electronically, 14 week (11 weeks electronically) if filed form 8379 (injured spouse).

  11. Amount you want Applied to Estimate Tax 
    1. Taxpayer can chose to have part or all of their refund applied to the next years estimated tax.  Can't change your mind after having it applied.

Information About Owing on Income Taxes

  1. Be sure to include voucher & check on top of return.  Also leave check & voucher loose in the envelope.

  2. Use special IRS address to send in payment when you owe.

  3. Make check or money order payable to US Treasury (Not IRS) and paid by 4/15. 
    1. Write in the memo section of you check, the first Social Security Number on the return, the words "Form 1040", the Year of tax return, and your daytime phone number.

  4. If you don't have full amount to pay, send what you can & tell IRS how you can pay.  Two choices:
    1. File an extension of time to pay on Form 1127.  IRS will not grant for more than 6 months except for undo hardship.   Will charge interest.
    2. Or  use installment Form 433F.  (Can set up at 
      The IRS will give you up to 72 months to pay balance. The IRS charges $120 ($43 if income <250% of poverty level) or $52 if taxpayer has direct debit of payment from their account)
      1. Can’t use 433F if still paying on previous one.
    3.  If person goes into military active duty and owes taxes to IRS, the IRS may defer payment without interest if call up severely impacted ability to pay.

  5. Do not attach check to return.  Instead put with 1040-V in envelope with return.

  6. Returned Checks  If bad check used to pay amount due, for checks under $1,250 the IRS charges $25.  Checks over $1,250 they charge 2% of check. 

  7. Can pay on tax return, by phone or on web 1-800-945-8400  or at
    1. Can schedule estimated payments.
    2. Debit card charged $2.95.
  8. Paying By Credit Card on return or e-check
    1. Starting in 2014, IRS has new no cost Direct Pay option at you can pay tax due or estimated tax from checking or savings account.
    2. Can have come out of checking or savings account on 4/15.
    3. If pay by Debit card there is a $2.95 charge. 
    4. Federal uses Mastercard, American Express, Discover or VISA. Can pay on return or contact credit card company.                 
      1. Payment service to contact.  Official Payments Corp.  Call at 1-888-872-9829 or website ($2.35 charge for every $100)
        or       ($1.95 charge for every $100) Call World Pay 1-888-972-9829 or website
      2. Can have it taken out of your checking account by setting up E-filed tax return.  Can set to come out on 4-15.
      3. Can set up pay of EFTPS.

    5. State of Indiana Pay  IN-ePay
      1. Can use Discover, American Express, Mastercard, VISA, or check draw (only $1 charge).
      2. Can pay by phone at 1-800-272-9829 or website at
      3. Cost is 2% of tax plus $1 fee.  Can also pay estimated tax.

  9.  Injured Spouse Can Get Their Part of Refund:     
    1. Use this rule to get an extra refund where a tax refund is kept to satisfy a debt such as child support or a student loan, state income tax or state unemployment.
    2. To qualify the injured spouse must have income that was reported on a joint return showing a refund.
    3. To get a refund after filing, file Form 8379.  No 1040X is needed.  Refund will take about 8-12 weeks.
    4. Can file Form 8379 with original return by attaching to front of 1040 and writing "Injured  Spouse" in upper left corner of 1040.   Will delay refund 11 weeks if filed electronically or 14 weeks if send in return.  
    5. An injured spouse is not limited to 3 years on amending.
    6. Can also file injured spouse on the Indiana return.  The offset agency should send a letter asking for information.  You need to respond.  the Indiana Dept. of Revenue may send a second letter if they need more information.  Once information is received, the state will process claim.
  10. Relieving Spouse of Liability   
    Use Form 8857 & attach statement.
    1. Taxpayers who suspect their spouse may be evading taxes should file Married Filing Separate to keep from having to pay taxes when that income is discovered.
    2. No longer a 2 years limit to file from when IRS begins tax assessment. 
    3. Equitable Relief: 
      1. If taxpayer is divorced, lived apart all year or spouse died, you may be able to avoid joint liability with spouse by filing a separate liability exclusion.
      2. Generally, if you make a separate liability election (Form 8857), you are liable only for the portion of tax due on the joint return that is allocable to you, determined as if you had filed a separate return.  
      3. Equitable relief may be granted if spouse lacked financial control over family finances, other spouse committed fraud or when subjected to physical or psychological abuse by spouse.
    4. Separation of Liability allows understated and unpaid tax, interest, and penalties to be allocated between estranged spouse, former spouse or deceased spouse. 
    5. Innocent Spouse:   Allows a spouse to be relieved of owing if:
      1. The tax on the joint return was understated due to the omission of income by your spouse or erroneous deductions or credits claimed by your spouse.
      2. When signing the joint return, you did not know and had no reason to know that tax on the return was understated. (Signing under duress may be an exception.)
      3. Taking  all circumstances into account, it would be inequitable to hold you liable for the tax. 
      4. You file Form 8857 and attach a form explaining why you would qualify.  Follow Form 8857 instructions.
    6. Other IRS Relief:  IRS may also grant relief it taxpayer signed joint return and spouse, without taxpayers knowledge, doesn’t pay tax due and uses funds designated for paying tax for some other purpose.   

  11. Underpayment of Estimate Tax Penalty 
    1. Underpayment  penalty applies when
      1. The amount owed is over $1000 and it is more than 10% of tax shown on the return or estimated tax not paid on time.
      2. Amount paid  is less than 90% of the tax               
        1. This rate is 66.66% for farmers.
        2. IRS computes this quarterly.
      3. Withholding is less than 100%* of last year’s tax.
        1. *For AGI over $150,000, this is 110% of prior year.
        2.  If 50% of previous year's income is from small business, the only has to be 90% of previous years income.
      4. For 2014 the interest penalty rate runs 3%.
      5. Our practice is to let the IRS bill for underpayment penalties (IRS suggests this as well) unless taxpayer wants it included. Check box on back of 1040 to delete 2210. 
      6. On the state go ahead and include the penalty as this is what the state suggests.

    2. Exceptions to Penalty
      1. Penalties can be be waived for hardship, death retirement, disability & other reasonable causes (injury, absence, casualty loss, inability to obtain records, ignorance of law, forgetfulness?, etc.
      2. To apply for hardship waiver, attach an explanation on the 2210 asking for waiver. 
      3. If taxpayer gets a penalty notice with no reference to his note, they should write back on the penalty slip explaining the situation & asking for waiver.

    3. When larger sums are received in middle or later part of the year, you can use 2210 special exceptions.
      1. You must be able to divide income into 4 quarters.
      2. Withholding is split evenly over the quarter.

    4. Individuals in the military can have interest owed frozen while on combat duty. 

Give us a call if you have questions or we can be of help, 765-452-8000.  Killingbeck Insurance & Tax Preparation, Kokomo, Indiana.